Spero Therapeutics Announces Initiation of Clinical Trial

Spero Therapeutics, Inc recently announced it has initiated a Phase 1 clinical trial of SPR720, an orally administered antimicrobial agent being developed for the treatment of non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infections.

“SPR720 is a promising drug candidate that has the potential to become the first approved oral treatment for NTM infections. NTM infections cause chronic, debilitating disease and represent an area of high unmet need as there are no specifically approved orally administered treatment options,” said Ankit Mahadevia, MD, CEO of Spero Therapeutics. “We look forward to receiving top-line results from the Phase 1 trial assessing the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of SPR720 in the second half of 2019.”

The Phase 1 clinical trial evaluating SPR720 is a double-blind, placebo-controlled, ascending dose, multi-cohort study in healthy subjects consisting of single ascending dose and multiple ascending dose cohorts. The advancement of SPR720 into the Phase 1 clinical assessment was based on SPR720’s favorable profile exhibited in a suite of pre-clinical in vitro and in vivo safety, toxicology and ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion) studies, as well as SPR720’s demonstration of potent in vitro and in vivo activity versus multiple, clinically important species of NTM, including Mycobacterium avium complex and Mycobacterium abscessus. The collective preclinical data to date suggest that SPR720 has an acceptable safety profile, encouraging target pathogen efficacy, drug distribution to key sites of infection, such as the lung, and a wide therapeutic margin.  Spero expects to receive top-line data from the Phase 1 clinical trial in the second half of 2019.

Research reported in this publication was partially supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number R44AI131749. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

SPR720 represents a novel class of antibacterial agents that target enzymes essential for bacterial DNA replication. SPR720 was in-licensed from Vertex and is under development as an oral therapy for the treatment of non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infections. NTM are ubiquitous environmental pathogens that can cause progressive lung damage and respiratory failure, particularly in patients with compromised immune systems or underlying pulmonary disorders. Although rare, the incidence of pulmonary NTM infections is increasing worldwide. Treatment of pulmonary NTM infections requires prolonged therapy (continuing for approximately 12 to 24 months) with a combination regimen and is frequently complicated by tolerability and/or toxicity issues. Additionally, there are currently no oral antibiotics specifically approved for use to treat pulmonary NTM infections. Thus, if successfully developed, SPR720 has the potential to address an important unmet need as the first oral antibiotic approved for the treatment of this debilitating disease. Pre-clinical in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated the potency of SPR720 against a range of bacteria that cause pulmonary NTM infections, including Mycobacterium avium complex and Mycobacterium abscessus, a highly resistant species responsible for high mortality. Spero believes that its intellectual property portfolio for SPR720 will provide protection globally, including in the United States and Europe, through 2033.

Spero Therapeutics, Inc. is a multi-asset, clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on identifying, developing and commercializing novel treatments for MDR bacterial infections. Spero’s lead product candidate, SPR994, is designed to be the first oral carbapenem-class antibiotic for use in adults to treat MDR Gram-negative infections. Spero also has a platform technology known as its Potentiator Platform that it believes will enable it to develop drugs that will expand the spectrum and potency of existing antibiotics, including formerly inactive antibiotics, against Gram-negative bacteria. Spero’s lead product candidates generated from its Potentiator Platform are two IV-administered agents, SPR206 and SPR741, designed to treat MDR Gram-negative infections in the hospital setting. Spero is also advancing SPR720, its novel oral therapy product candidate designed for the treatment of non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infections. For more information, visit www.sperotherapeutics.com.