Evaxion Biotech Reports Data From Phase 1/2a Trials of EVX-01 & EVX-02
Evaxion Biotech A/S recently announced results from both its Phase 1/2a trial of cancer immunotherapy EVX-01 in metastatic melanoma and interim Phase 1/2a trial of cancer immunotherapy EVX-02 in adjuvant melanoma.
Data from the trial of EVX-01, a novel patient-specific cancer neoepitope immunotherapy based on Evaxion’s PIONEER AI technology in combination with a PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor, showed a safety profile with only Grade 1 and 2 adverse events observed.
Combined therapy with EVX-01 demonstrated an objective response rate of 67% across all nine patients compared with historical data of 40% with anti-PD1 treatment alone. The study also demonstrated a complete response rate of 22%, compared with a historical 7% with anti-PD1 treatment alone, and a partial response rate of 44%, versus 33% compared with anti-PD1 treatment alone. Among the four patients on the highest two doses, there was an objective response rate of 75%. Three patients with Stable Disease for 10, 8, and 9 months on anti-PD1 treatment alone, achieved CR, CR and PR, respectively, following EVX-01 administration and subsequent activation of a neoepitope specific de novo T-cell response.
Lars Wegner, CEO of Evaxion, said “We are very excited about the Phase 1/2a data for EVX-01, which shows encouraging results for our AI-developed immunotherapy in metastatic melanoma and appears to be well tolerated with only Grade 1 and 2 adverse events such as fatigue and fever all of which were resolved with treatment. The complete elimination of all tumors we see in the two patients stable for 8-10 months on checkpoint inhibitor treatment has further increased our belief in the benefit our neoepitope-based therapies can bring to patients. In addition, the tumor reduction in patients correlates with neoepitope specific T-cell activation and PIONEER predictions. The data demonstrate the potential of our PIONEER platform and its ability to identify patient specific cancer neoeptiopes. Importantly, the objective response rate demonstrates that EVX-01 may be able to improve the treatment landscape in melanoma and potentially other cancers. Furthermore, the first results from our Phase 1/2a trial with EVX-02 demonstrate its potential for treatment of melanoma. Based on the data from these two studies, we expect to initiate a Phase 2 trial with EVX-01 by the end of the year and a Phase 2 trial with EVX-02 in Q2 2022.”
Professor Inge Marie Svane, Head of the Danish Centre for Cancer Immunotherapy and Principal Investigator of the EVX-01 study, added “These Phase 1/2a data demonstrate the feasibility of the combination of EVX-01 with anti-PD1 therapy with substantial reduction of tumor burden in some patients. It is particularly interesting to see that two patients improved their response to anti-PD1 therapy further to complete response following addition of EVX-01. This could be good news for patients and I look forward to contributing to the further development of this novel therapy.”
In the Phase 1/2a trial, nine patients with metastatic melanoma were injected biweekly with EVX-01, three times intraperitoneal and three times intramuscular plus, with pembrolizumab every three weeks or nivolumab every 4 weeks. Patients were dosed at three different levels of EVX-01, 500 μg, 1,000 μg and 2,000 μg.
The study also revealed encouraging biomarker information supporting EVX-01’s mechanism of action. There was broad T-cell activation in all patients, with 76.2% of the administered neoepitopes inducing reactive T cells, while 84.8% of EVX-01 induced reactive T cells were de novo responses. Patient cases established a direct link between EVX-01 activated T cells and antitumor effect and duration of response. The data further demonstrated a link between neoepitopes identified by the PIONEER platform and clinical response.
The results also showed that Evaxion’s novel proprietary AI-Immunogenetic Drug Response Platform (AI-DeeP), which provides immuno-genetic profiling of individual patients based on biological rational for drug response, can predict the response to therapy with precision and sensitivity.
We believe that the data support progressing the development of EVX-01 into a subsequent randomized Phase 2b trial, which we expect to initiate in December 2021. We also intend to present the data at a upcoming medical society meeting in first half of 2022.
This is an open label, multi-center study assessing the safety, tolerability, pharmacodynamics, and potential efficacy of EVX-02 in combination with checkpoint inhibitor in patients who have had a complete resection of Stage IIIB/IIIC/IIID or Stage IV melanoma and are at high risk of recurrence. The study is taking place at five clinical centers in Australia.
Data from the first patients in the trial showed T-cell activation, even in assays which had not been prestimulated. Based on this readout, Evaxion will continue to generate more data from the trial with the aim of initiating a Phase 2 trial with EVX-02 in an adjuvant setting in the second quarter of 2022.
Evaxion Biotech A/S is a clinical-stage AI-immunology platform company decoding the human immune system to discover and develop novel immunotherapies to treat cancer, and vaccines against bacterial diseases and viral infections. Based on its proprietary and scalable AI-immunology core technology, Evaxion is developing a broad pipeline of novel product candidates which currently includes three patient-specific cancer immunotherapies, two of which are in Phase 1/2a clinical development. In addition, Evaxion is advancing a portfolio of vaccines to prevent bacterial and viral infections currently in preclinical development.
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