Entera Bio Reports Positive Results from a Phase 2 PK/PD Study of Oral PTH
Entera Bio Ltd. recently announced the presentation of positive results from its pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) study in patients with hypoparathyroidism treated with its oral parathyroid hormone (PTH) drug [Oral hPTH(1-34)]. The results were presented at the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) Annual Meeting in Orlando, FL, on September 22, 2019.
“Entera’s previous Phase 2 study in hypoparathyroid patients presented in 2016 showed that four times daily (QID) dosing of oral hPTH (1-34) had a positive effect on serum calcium, a reduction in serum phosphate and a reduction in urinary calcium. The goal of this new PK/PD study was to compare twice-daily (BID), three times daily (TID) and QID dosing regimens and dose strengths of Entera’s Oral hPTH (1-34) over a 24-hour period. The results showed that the largest changes in PD endpoints were found with QID dosing, with moderate changes in PD endpoints generally found with BID and TID dosing. In addition, the QID dosing decreased urine calcium over 24-hours, which indicates that it may be able to reduce urinary calcium in hypoparathyroid patients with hypercalciuria during long-term treatment,” stated Professor Sofia Ish-Shalom, a principal investigator at the Endocrine Research Center at Lin Medical Center in Haifa, Israel. “As investigators, we were pleased to see that Oral hPTH (1-34) had a positive impact on PD parameters, an increase in serum calcium, a decrease in serum phosphate and an increase in active vitamin D (1,25-dihycroxyvitamin D) synthesis. Importantly, these data again show the ability of Entera’s oral formulation to deliver PTH to the bloodstream at concentrations that produced the anticipated PD effect. Furthermore, this well controlled study included the highest approved dose of hPTH (1-84) (Natpar) 100 micrograms as an active control.”
“The data from this study suggest that our Oral PTH delivered at different frequencies, and with different doses, can be used effectively to customize the therapy of individual patients. For example, some patients with elevated urinary calcium might be well served with more frequent dosing three or four times daily, while patients who have milder disease might be adequately served by less frequent twice-a-day dosing. We as clinicians find the severity of disease is a continuum that is best treated by custom titration calcium and each drug to each patient’s needs,” said Dr. Arthur Santora, Chief Medical Officer of Entera. “Both PK and PD data from this study will be very valuable in helping optimize the formulation of Oral hPTH (1-34) for hypoparathyroidism, as well as designing long-term studies of a diverse hypoparathyroid population. Importantly, for our ongoing dose ranging study in osteoporosis that employs a single daily dose of oral hPTH (1-34) each morning, the PK profile of the morning dose of oral hPTH (1-34) from this PK/PD study further supports our belief that the blood levels after a single daily morning dose of oral hPTH (1-34) may be sufficient to increase bone formation markers and BMD.”
The Phase 2 PK/PD Study was open-label, and employed a 2-period partial crossover design to evaluate the PK and PD profiles of two doses, 0.75 mg and 2.25 mg, and three regimens (BID, TID and QID) of Oral hPTH (1-34) and included subcutaneous Natpar [hPTH (1-84)] 100 µg once daily. The study was conducted in 16 patients with hypoparathyroidism at the Hadassah Clinical Research Center in Jerusalem, Israel. Twelve patients were allocated to receive two treatments each and four patients were allocated to receive four treatments each. All patients continued to receive their usual therapy (calcium supplements plus alfacalcidol or calcitriol).
Preliminary results from Part 1 of this study, were reported by Entera Bio in a press release in November 2018. The full study data analyses presented at the ASBMR meeting demonstrated a positive impact of Oral PTH on three metabolic parameters – serum calcium, phosphate, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (“active” vitamin D) – in patients with hypoparathyroidism treated with oral hPTH (1-34) 2.25 mg QID. There was also a decrease in 24-hour urine calcium.
Hypoparathyroidism is a rare condition in which the body produces insufficient amounts of PTH. Individuals with a deficiency of PTH typically exhibit abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood, or hypocalcemia, and high levels of phosphate in the blood, or hyperphosphatemia. Hypoparathyroidism is estimated to affect approximately 77,000 individuals in the United States. Historically, the treatments for hypoparathyroidism have been calcium supplements and active vitamin D (calcitriol or alfacalcidol). Phosphate binders and thiazide diuretics that reduce urine calcium are occasionally added. It is often difficult to titrate the dose of active vitamin D without producing increased urine calcium or hypercalcemia with tissue calcification during chronic use, which can result in significant costs to the healthcare system. Natpara, a once-daily injectable form of PTH, has been approved by the FDA and EMA for the treatment of hypocalcemia in patients with hypoparathyroidism.
Entera Bio is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the development and commercialization of orally delivered large molecule therapeutics for use in orphan indications and other areas with significant unmet medical needs. The Company is initially applying its technology to develop an oral formulation of a human parathyroid hormone analog, Oral PTH (1-34), for treatment of hypoparathyroidism and osteoporosis.
Entera has developed a proprietary platform technology that enables oral delivery of biologicals and large molecule drugs, which are typically delivered via injections and or other non-oral pathways. However, oral drug delivery is the easiest method for self-administering medications, offers patients greater dosing flexibility, and has the highest patient acceptance and compliance rates as compared to all other routes of drug administration. The Company employs this technology for its own pipeline products and may enter into licensing agreements with biopharma companies for application of the technology to their proprietary compounds, such as the Amgen strategic research collaboration. For more information, visit www.enterabio.com.
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