Progenics Pharmaceuticals Doses First Patient in Phase 2 Clinical Study
Progenics Pharmaceuticals, Inc. recently announced that the first patient has been dosed in the company’s Phase 2 clinical study evaluating I-131 1095 radiotherapy in combination with enzalutamide for the treatment of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). 1095 is the company’s small molecule radiotherapeutic designed to selectively bind to the extracellular domain of prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA).
“1095 radiotherapy represents a targeted treatment option for prostate cancer with a new mechanism of action that may overcome resistance developed to novel androgen axis drugs, such as abiraterone and enzalutamide,” said Dr. David Laidley, Nuclear Medicine Physician at London Health Sciences Centre (LHSC) and Scientist at Lawson Health Research Institute, the research institute of LHSC and St. Joseph’s Health Care London in Ontario, Canada. “The growing resistance to these anti-androgen drugs in the pre-chemotherapy patient population further reinforces the unmet need for novel targeted therapies.”
The multicenter, randomized, open-label, controlled Phase 2 clinical study is evaluating the efficacy and safety of 1095 in combination with enzalutamide compared to enzalutamide alone in patients with mCRPC who are PSMA-avid, chemotherapy naïve, and progressed on abiraterone. PSMA-avidity is determined utilizing PyL (18F-DCFPyL), the company’s PET imaging agent in clinical development designed to visualize prostate cancer. The trial is expected to enroll approximately 120 patients at 25 sites in the US and Canada. The study’s primary endpoint is prostate specific antigen (PSA) response rate according to Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Working Group 3 (PCWG3) criteria defined as a confirmed 50% or greater decline from baseline. Key secondary endpoints evaluate radiographic response based on Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) for soft tissue or PCWG3 for bone, progression free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). Patients will be followed for one year after their first treatment for all efficacy endpoints. Survival and safety data will be collected for an additional year.
“The commencement of patient dosing in our Phase 2 clinical study is a significant step forward for the development of 1095, which has the potential to treat metastatic patients at an earlier stage utilizing a differentiated, PSMA-targeted approach. Data from a compassionate use study has already demonstrated 1095’s potential with marked reduction of PSA and bone pain in a group of heavily pretreated advanced prostate cancer patients and was well tolerated. Recent preclinical data suggest enzalutamide could sensitize cells to radiotherapy induced cell death, providing the preclinical rationale for the combination of radiotherapy and enzalutamide to represent a potentially more effective treatment paradigm for patients with mCRPC,” said Asha Das, MD, Chief Medical Officer of Progenics. “The 1095 study design includes the use of PyL imaging to screen for PSMA avidity and enrich for patients who are most likely to respond to 1095 therapy, highlighting the synergistic potential of our PSMA-targeted pipeline to better diagnose and treat prostate cancer. Based on the early data from this open-label study and dialogue with the FDA, we plan to evaluate initiating a pivotal trial of 1095 in 2020.”
Progenics’ small molecule therapeutic candidate 1095 is designed to bind with high affinity to the extracellular domain of prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA), a protein that is highly expressed in prostate cancer cells. Once bound, 1095 is internalized by the prostate cancer cells, where the beta radiation emitted by iodine-131 kills the malignant cell. This ability to deliver targeted radiation systemically to PSMA expressing cancer cells represents a novel therapeutic mechanism of action to treat prostate cancer. When studied in a compassionate use setting, 1095 markedly reduced PSA and bone pain in a group of heavily pre-treated advanced prostate cancer patients.
PyL (also known as 18F-DCFPyL) is a fluorinated PSMA-targeted Positron Emission Topography (PET) imaging agent that enables visualization of both bone and soft tissue metastases to determine the presence or absence of recurrent and/or metastatic prostate cancer. Progenics initiated patient dosing of a Phase 3 study evaluating the diagnostic performance and clinical impact of PyL in November 2018. The Phase 3 CONDOR trial is a multi-center, open label trial that will enroll approximately 200 male patients with biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer in 14 sites in the US and Canada. The company expects to complete enrollment in the fourth quarter of 2019 and report data in early 2020.
Progenics is an oncology company focused on the development and commercialization of innovative targeted medicines and artificial intelligence to find, fight and follow cancer, including: therapeutic agents designed to treat cancer (AZEDRA, 1095, and PSMA TTC); prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) targeted imaging agent for prostate cancer (PyL); and imaging analysis technology (aBSI and PSMA AI). Progenics has two commercial products, AZEDRA, for the treatment of patients with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma (rare neuroendocrine tumors of neural crest origin) who require systemic anticancer therapy; and RELISTOR® (methylnaltrexone bromide) for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation, which is partnered with Bausch Health Companies Inc.
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